化学工程化学与化工
 
 
【理论】普及化学英文缩写
焓熵` 2011-4-8 13:43:39
介于广大科技爱好者对有机英文缩写不太敏感,现 焓熵 同学特发此帖,予以该方面的补充。

资料均由 焓熵 本人整理补充制成!!

以下为一下非常非常常用的官能团缩写(均由 焓熵 本人整理补充)
n-C3             正丙基           n-C4    正丁基           n-C5    正戊基   ...   ...     以此类推
Me-               甲基          
Et-                 乙基
i-Pr-              异丙基
i-Bu-             异丁基
s-Bu-            仲丁基
t-Bu-             叔丁基
i-Am-            异戊基

Ar-                 芳基
Ph-                苯基
-o-Ph-           邻位取代苯基
-m-Ph-          间位取代苯基
-p-Ph-           对位取代苯基

Ac-                 乙酰基


......................................................后期继续补充...................................................

以下为部分有机英文缩写,红色标注的为常用缩写

AMP                    Aminomethyl Propanol 氨甲基丙醇
AMPD                Aminomethyl Propanediol 氨甲基丙二醇

BHA                  Butylated Hydroxyanisole 丁基化羟基茴香醚
BHT                  Butylated Hydroxytoluene 丁基化羟基甲苯

CAS                  Chemical Abstracts Service 《化学文摘》
CD                    Completely Denatred 完全变性
CHDM              Cyclohexanedimethanol 环六烷二甲醇
CI                      Colour Index 染料索引

DBM                 Dibutyl maleate 马来酸二丁酯
DEA                  Diethanolamine 二乙醇胺
DEDM              Diethylol Dimethyl 二羟乙基二甲基
DIBA                Dihydroxyisobutylamine 二羟基异丁胺
DIPA                Diisopropaanolamine 二异丙醇胺
DM                   Dimethyl 二甲基DMAPA            Dimethyl Amionopropylamine 二甲基氨丙基胺
DMDM             Dimethylol Dimethyl 二甲羟基二甲基
DMHF             Dimethyl Hydantoin Formaldehyde Resin 二甲基乙内酰脲甲醛树脂
DMSO             二甲基亚砜--D是双意思,M,是Me甲基,S是硫,0是氧,就是(CH3)2S0
DMF                二甲基甲酰胺
DCM               二氯甲烷

DNA                Deoxyribonucleic Acid 脱氧核糖核酸
DVB Divinylbenzene 二乙烯苯

EDTA              Ethylenediamine Tetraacetic Acid 乙二胺四乙酸
EDTHP           Ethylenediamine Tetrahydroxy Propylene 乙二胺四羟丙烯
EDC                二氯乙烷

GLY                 Glycine 甘氨酸

HCl                  Hydrochloride 氢氯酸

HDl                  Hexyldecyldiisocyanate 十六烷二异氰酸酯
HEDTA           Hydroxyethyl Ethylenediamine Triacetic Acid 羟乙基乙二胺三乙酸
HFIP               六氟异丙醇


MA                   Maleic Anhydride 马来酐
MDM               Monomethylol Dimethyl 单羟甲基二甲基
MEA                Monoethanolamine 单乙醇胺
MEK                Methyl Ethyl Ketone 甲基乙基酮
MIBK              Methyl Isobutyl Ketone 甲基异丁基酮
MIPA               Monoisopropanolamine 单异丙醇胺
MBS               Methacrylate-butadiene-styrene 甲基丙烯酸-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物
MC                 Methyl cellulose 甲基纤维素
MDPE            Medium-density polyethylene 中密度聚乙烯
MF                  Melamine-formaldehyde resin 密胺-甲醛树脂
MPF               Melamine/phenol-formaldehyde 密胺/酚醛树脂

NTA               Nitrilotriacetic Acid 次氮基三乙酸

Ph-                 苯基
PABA             p-Aminobenzoic Acid p-氨基苯甲酸
PCA               Pyrrolidone Carboxylic Acid 吡咯烷酮羧酸
PEG               Polythylene Glycol 聚乙二醇
PEI                 Polyethylenimine 聚乙二胺
PG                  Propylene Glycol 丙二醇

PPG                Polypropylene Glycol 聚丙二醇
PTFE           Polyterafluoroethylene 聚四氟乙烯
PVM/MA           Polyvinyl Methyl Ether/Maleic Anhydride 聚乙烯甲基醚/马来酐
PVP                  Polyvinylpyrrolidone 聚乙烯吡咯烷酮
PA                    Polyamide (nylon) 聚酰胺(尼龙)      苦味酸
PAA                 Poly(acrylic acid) 聚丙烯酸
PADC              Poly(allyl diglycol carbonate) 碳酸-二乙二醇酯· 烯丙醇酯树脂
PAE                 Polyarylether 聚芳醚
PAEK              Polyaryletherketone 聚芳醚酮
PAI                   Polyamide-imide 聚酰胺-酰亚胺
PAK                 Polyester alkyd 聚酯树脂
PAN                 Polyacrylonitrile 聚丙烯腈
PARA               Polyaryl amide 聚芳酰胺
PASU               Polyarylsulfone 聚芳砜
PAT                  Polyarylate 聚芳酯
PAUR              Poly(ester urethane) 聚酯型聚氨酯
PB                    Polybutene-1 聚丁烯-[1]
PBA                  Poly(butyl acrylate) 聚丙烯酸丁酯
PBAN               Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile 聚丁二烯-丙烯腈
PBS                  Polybutadiene-styrene 聚丁二烯-苯乙烯
PBT                  Poly(butylene terephthalate) 聚对苯二酸丁二酯
PC                   Polycarbonate 聚碳酸酯
PCTFE           Polychlorotrifluoroethylene 聚氯三氟乙烯
PDAP              Poly(diallyl phthalate) 聚对苯二甲酸二烯丙酯
PE                   Polyethylene 聚乙烯
PEBA              Polyether block amide 聚醚嵌段酰胺
PEEK             Polyetheretherketone 聚醚醚酮
PEI                  Poly(etherimide) 聚醚酰亚胺
PEK                Polyether ketone 聚醚酮
PEO                Poly(ethylene oxide) 聚环氧乙烷
PES                Poly(ether sulfone) 聚醚砜
PET                Poly(ethylene terephthalate) 聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯
PETG             Poly(ethylene terephthalate) glycol 二醇类改性PET
PEUR            Poly(ether urethane) 聚醚型聚氨酯
PF                   Phenol-formaldehyde resin 酚醛树脂
PFA                 Perfluoro(alkoxy alkane) 全氟烷氧基树脂
PFF                 Phenol-furfural resin 酚呋喃树脂
PI                     Polyimide 聚酰亚胺
PIB                  Polyisobutylene 聚异丁烯
PISU               Polyimidesulfone 聚酰亚胺砜
PMCA             Poly(methyl-alpha-chloroacrylate) 聚α-氯代丙烯酸甲酯
PMMA             Poly(methyl methacrylate) 聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯
PMP                Poly(4-methylpentene-1) 聚4-甲基戊烯-1
PMS                Poly(alpha-methylstyrene) 聚α-甲基苯乙烯
POM               Polyoxymethylene, polyacetal" 聚甲醛
PP                  Polypropylene 聚丙烯
PPA                Polyphthalamide 聚邻苯二甲酰胺
PPE               Poly(phenylene ether) 聚苯醚
PPO               Poly(phenylene oxide) deprecated 聚苯醚
PPOX             Poly(propylene oxide) 聚环氧(丙)烷
PPS                Poly(phenylene sulfide) 聚苯硫 醚
PPSU             Poly(phenylene sulfone) 聚苯砜
PS                  Polystyrene 聚苯乙烯
PSU               Polysulfone 聚砜
PTFE             Polytetrafluoroethylene 聚四氟乙烯
PUR              Polyurethane 聚氨酯
PVAC            Poly(vinyl acetate) 聚醋酸乙烯
PVAL             Poly(vinyl alcohol) 聚乙烯醇
PVB               Poly(vinyl butyral) 聚乙烯醇缩丁醛
PVC               Poly(vinyl chloride) 聚氯乙烯
PVCA             Poly(vinyl chloride-acetate) 聚氯乙烯醋酸乙烯酯
PVI                 poly(vinyl isobutyl ether) 聚(乙烯基异丁基醚)
PVM               poly(vinyl chloride vinyl methyl ether) 聚(氯乙烯-甲基乙烯基醚)

RAM               restricted area molding 窄面模塑
RF                 resorcinol-formaldehyde resin 甲苯二酚-甲醛树脂
RIM               reaction injection molding 反应注射模塑
RP                reinforced plastics 增强塑料
RRIM           reinforced reaction injection molding 增强反应注射模塑
RTP              reinforced thermoplastics 增强热塑性塑料

SE                 Self-Emulsifying 自乳化
SIP                Sulfoisophthalate 磺基间苯二酸
SMDI             Saturated Methylene Diphenyldiisocyanate 饱和亚甲基二苯基二异氰酸酯
S/AN              styrene-acryonitrile copolymer 苯乙烯-丙烯腈共聚物
SBS               styrene-butadiene block copolymer 苯乙烯-丁二烯嵌段共聚物
SI                    silicone 聚硅氧烷
SMC               sheet molding compound 片状模塑料
S/MS              styrene-α-methylstyrene copolymer 苯乙烯-α-甲基苯乙烯共聚物


TDI                Toluene Diisocyanate 甲苯二异氰酸酯
TEA               Triethanolamine 三乙醇胺
TIPA             Triisopropanolamine 三异丙醇胺
TMC              thick molding compound 厚片模塑料
TPE              thermoplastic elastomer 热塑性弹性体
TPS              toughened polystyrene 韧性聚苯乙烯
TPU             thermoplastic urethanes 热塑性聚氨酯
TPX              ploymethylpentene 聚-4-甲基-1戊烯
TEEE          Thermoplastic Elastomer,Ether-Ester" 醚酯型热塑弹性体
TEO            Thermoplastic Elastomer, Olefinic" 聚烯烃热塑弹性体
TES            Thermoplastic Elastomer, Styrenic" 苯乙烯热塑性弹性体
TPEL          Thermoplastic elastomer 热塑(性)弹性体
TPES          Thermoplastic polyester 热塑性聚酯
TPUR          Thermoplastic polyurethane 热塑性聚氨酯
TSUR         Thermoset polyurethane 热固聚氨酯

VA                 Vinyl Acetate 醋酸乙烯酯
VG/E              vinylchloride-ethylene copolymer 聚乙烯-乙烯共聚物
VC/E/MA        vinylchloride-ethylene-methylacrylate copolymer 聚乙烯-乙烯-丙烯酸甲酯共 聚物
VC/E/VCA      vinylchloride-ethylene-vinylacetate copolymer 氯乙烯-乙烯-醋酸乙烯酯共 聚物
VCE               Vinyl chloride-ethylene resin 氯乙烯/乙烯树脂
VCEV             Vinyl chloride-ethylene-vinyl 氯乙烯/乙烯/醋酸乙烯共聚物
VCMA            Vinyl chloride-methyl acrylate 氯乙烯/丙烯酸甲酯共聚物
VCMMA          Vinyl chloride-methylmethacrylate 氯乙烯/甲基丙烯酸甲酯共聚物
VCOA             Vinyl chloride-octyl acrylate resin 氯乙烯/丙烯酸辛酯树脂
VCVAC          Vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate resin 氯乙烯/醋酸乙烯树脂
VCVDC         Vinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride 氯乙烯/偏氯乙烯共聚


.....................................................  后期会继续补充............................................................



以下为各种基团,结构图:

105802


105803


105804



以下为各种氨基酸,结构图:

105805


................................................................后期继续补充........................................................
如有补充意愿的会员,请以跟帖形式补充。
[s:238]                 入门的同学们快进来看啊~~~~
                                                                                                              ——  焓熵`  制作
                                                                                                                              2011.4.8
2011-4-8 14:03:52
1楼
嗯,以后说事就显得更专业了
2楼
长见识了,感谢楼主
2015-4-12 17:49:46
3楼
AT的解释是什么[s:309]

想参与大家的讨论?现在就 登录 或者 注册

nkc production server  https://github.com/kccd/nkc.git

科创研究院 (c)2001-2018

蜀ICP备11004945号-2 川公网安备51010802000058号